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Encontrar soluciones a las contradicciones en relatividad y mecánica cuántica

La estudiante del ICN Natalia Sánchez y su asesor, el Dr. Eduardo Nahmad, publicaron un texto sobre la solución a las contradicciones entre Relatividad y la Mecánica Cuántica. ¿Será el Universo determinista o no?


Texto completo aquí:


The twentieth century gave birth to two of the most important Physics theories of nowadays: Special/General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. These two theories have accompanied humanity in the questions of what is space, what is time and what is matter; they have taught us to characterize these entities.

In spite of their great successes, not everything has been smooth and kind. Relativity and Quantum Mechanics cannot be applied at the same time to the same problem. In trying to do so one arrives at contradictions. Contradictions arise from the very foundational and most primary aspects of each theory: locality, causality, and determinism in Relativity; and entanglement, anti-causal events, and probabilistic results in Quantum Mechanics. Decades of work on these aspects were first inspired by a discussion between Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen [1], which came to be known as the EPR paradox, to do with whether or not Quantum Mechanics was a complete theory.

The contradiction is best explained in Bohm’s thought experiment [2], in which it is concluded that the results of measurements carried out on distant matter are affected by each other instantly if this matter is entangled.


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